Ways of transmission of HPV: all possible ways of infection

Absolutely everyone should know how human papillomavirus is transmitted. More than half of the world's population has the papillomavirus. HPV is a special microorganism that is able to reproduce in epithelial cells and prevent their division. Usually activated in the body in women. Is the virus carrier contagious and what are its modes of transmission? With only complete information about the transmission routes of the virus, you can warn yourself and your loved ones from getting infected. The main source of infection is the carrier of the HPV virus.

human papilloma virus

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Among the infection mechanisms by which you can be affected are:

  • contact;
  • vertical (from mother to baby during labor).

The implementation of the contact mechanism is carried out through sexual and familial routes. Therefore, HPV can be transmitted through:

  • shaking hands and kissing;
  • the use of hygiene products by others, including razors, wipes, soaps, towels, and cosmetics;
  • wearing the clothes of a carrier of the disease;
  • visit the public baths, saunas and swimming pools.

Sexually transmitted cancer-causing viruses. The risk of infection is increased many times in people who have sex with their partners. The more often they change, the higher the chance of infection, even using a condom you can't be sure of your safety.

women and men infected with human papillomavirus

You can also be infected during sex with men, because their characteristics are damaged epithelium and mucous membranes. And condoms in this case don't really help either. The presence of warts on your partner's body also signals the possibility of HPV infection through bacteria on the body.

Pregnant women who are carriers of the HPV virus should be aware of the potential for infecting their babies when it travels through the birth canal.

Infection is carried out only when there are characteristic growths in the genital area and cervix. At the same time, papillomavirus infection in children manifests itself in the form of tumors in the larynx, which is especially dangerous. Your baby will have difficulty breathing and eating, and may even suffocate.

Conditions conducive to infection

Exposure to someone who has HPV does not necessarily mean infection. Only when there are lesions on the skin and mucous membranes, the papilloma virus can enter the body. Therefore, HPV is much more susceptible to infection if the skin has:

  • wound;
  • scratch;
  • Abrasion;
  • crack;
  • Abrasion;
  • comb.

During sexual intercourse, it should be borne in mind that various types of lesions on the skin can be in the tissues adjacent to the genitals. Using condoms can also get infected.

itchy skin caused by human papillomavirus

The mucosa becomes unprotected from infection with a weakened immune system. The appearance of papillomas and warts in the genital area is often triggered by the presence of other infections in the body. If such tumors are detected, it is necessary to treat not only the carrier of the HPV virus, but also his sexual partners.

Violation of the microflora of the vagina in women and even the intestines in both sexes can also lead to a decrease in immunity, and as a result, the papillomavirus enters the body more easily.

Activation of HPV

Even if the papillomavirus infection is already present in the body, you may not notice any symptoms of it. It is not at all necessary that tumors have to appear on the body. Often the virus that causes papillomas occurs in the latent stage and is completely asymptomatic.

HPV can be compared with the herpes virus, which is also present in the body of most of the population, but characteristic physical symptoms do not always indicate its presence. With a strong immune system, papillomavirus may not multiply.

Only under favorable conditions for the development of HPV infection begins to intensify. There is active reproduction of virions in the cell nucleus, leading to disturbances in the cell's reproduction process. Using human cells, the papillomavirus makes copies of itself. As a result, uncontrolled cell reproduction and the appearance of tumors on the body.

Conditions that trigger the virus:

  • exacerbation of any disease can be called chronic;
  • recent infectious diseases;
  • the presence of intestinal infection;
  • congenital immunodeficiency;
  • non-compliance with diets and diets;
  • harmful production labor;
  • frequent stressful situations.

Virus activation can be caused by various factors that, to a greater or lesser extent, affect the state of the immune system. Only with weakened immunity do tumors appear on the body.

Preventive measures

There are some precautions, so a human papillomavirus infection is unlikely to enter the body.

  • all skin lesions should be treated with antiseptics;
  • use only personal hygiene products;
  • in public saunas, baths and swimming pools it is necessary to use rubber slippers;
  • any disease must be treated promptly;
  • loyalty to a reliable sexual partner;
  • Use a condom every time you have sex. Although this does not guarantee safety, however, through condoms, papillomavirus enters the body of both women and men with a lower probability;
  • exercise regularly;
  • stiffness of the body;
  • adhere to sleep and nutrition.

Such precautions should be taken not only to avoid contracting HPV but also other sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms provide protection against infection with many of the diseases that trigger the HPV virus.

condoms to protect against human papillomavirus

In the event that the virus is present in the body of a pregnant woman and its manifestation in the genital area, it is necessary to examine the whole and remove such tumors. If there are papillomas on the genitals, a woman should have a cesarean section to avoid infecting the baby during delivery.

There is a specific vaccine against highly cancerous strains of the virus, which is recommended mainly for women under 26 years of age and adolescents. Even in the condition that the HPV carrier is vaccinated, its immunity is markedly improved and the virus enters the dormant phase.

At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the virus does not disappear from the body, and therefore the person remains a carrier. For safety reasons, he needs to use condoms during intercourse and only use personal hygiene products.


Susceptible to such manifestations of HPV when developing on the female body. Their immune systems are much weaker and do not fight viruses well. But at the same time, there is no reason to believe that a man need not worry about the presence of the virus. It also poses a threat, being a source of infection.

Any tumor on the body cannot be removed independently. All actions are carried out only under the supervision of the attending physician.

Infection can be avoided. It is enough to observe personal hygiene, use a condom during sex, carefully monitor one's own skin and pay attention to the presence of tumors on the body of loved ones.